Whether you are thinking about going out to a lake for the first time or the one hundredth time, you will want to have kayaks with you. Kayaks can enhance your experience in so many ways, and they can keep you entertained for hours on end.
That being said, it is not a great idea to go out and purchase the first kayak you see on the shelf. I have made that mistake before, and it has lost me a great deal of money. Notably, it is important to know the kayak weight limit for the boat you are looking to purchase.
What is the right kayak size for your weight?
Now, I obviously do not know how much you weigh, and as a result, I cannot give you an exact number as to how much your kayak should weigh. That being said, you generally want to use a kayak that has a maximum capacity rating that is roughly 125 pounds more than your body weight.
You can also check the maximum capacity rating and reduce that amount by 30 to 35%. If you weigh less than that number, the kayak should be safe for you to use.
Furthermore, you need to factor in the weight of any kayaking gear you are bringing with you when making that calculation.
For example, if you are going to go fishing while in your kayak, you need to factor in the weight of the poles, bait, and even the fish you might be bringing back.
How is a kayak’s maximum capacity determined?
A lot of the time when you look at the specifications of a kayak, you will see the maximum capacity listed. This is the literal weight limit of the kayak, meaning that it would literally sink if any more weight was added.
It could also get unstable and easily capsize as you get close to that limit.
The maximum capacity of a kayak is determined by three major factors: length, width, and displacement volume. The manufacturer will use those three measurements, and formulas from engineers to determine the maximum capacity of every kayak they manufacture.
However, it is important to keep in mind that there is not a universally agreed upon way to measure maximum kayak capacity. That is a major reason of why it is important to stay well below the listed maximum capacity.
What happens if you exceed a kayak’s weight limit?
While a kayak might not sink the very second that you exceed the weight limit, you will be at serious risk of sinking. Before you sink, you will find that it is difficult to paddle, and you will lose stability.
Additionally, you will lose maneuverability, and your kayak will be in danger of capsizing.
Average kayak weight limits
It is important to keep in mind that there is not just one type of kayak. There are several types, and they each have varying average kayak weight limits.
Most of you will be interested in recreational kayaks. They are designed for casual paddling on flat water like lakes and slow moving rivers.
These boats should not be brought out in whitewater, or out in the ocean. Typically, these kayaks will be between 10 and 15 feet long. They also have large cockpits that make it easy to get in and out. You can expect these kayaks to have a maximum weight limit of 250 to 300 lbs.
Touring kayaks are sometimes known as expedition kayaks, and they are designed for trips that last several days. As a result, you could consider them the opposite of recreational kayaks. They are great for rougher water and windy days. You can even use these boats out on the open sea. However, I recommend that you take safety courses before taking a kayak out on the ocean.
Since these boats are designed for trips that last several days, they have a larger storage capacity. Typically, they have weight limits listed somewhere from 300 to 350 lbs.
Sit on top kayaks
These kayaks are some of the most stable options, and they are the easiest to enter and exit. That makes them the best options for beginners and little kids. The obvious downside to these kayaks is that they are much slower than other options. However, that makes them even more practical for beginners. These kayaks should only be used on calm water.
Like recreational kayaks, they are usually 10 to 15 feet long, but they are wider than other kayaks. As a result, they have added stability. You can expect to find a maximum capacity of 325 to 400 lbs on these boats.
As you probably guessed from the name, these kayaks are meant for multiple paddlers. You did not need me to tell you that, and you also probably could have guessed that they are longer than the average kayak. They have wider bodies, making them some of the most stable options. Their larger size also makes them good for multiple day trips.
Since these kayaks need to hold more than one person, they have increased weight capacities. Typically, you can find tandem kayaks with weight limits ranging from 500 to 600 lbs.
Inflatable kayaks have their drawbacks because of their lack of durability, but they make up for that in other areas. Notably, they have increased weight limits thanks to the extra buoyancy that comes from the air filled tubes. Most inflatable kayaks can hold at least 500 lbs, but you can find options that can hold as much as 750 lbs.
Is it possible to increase the maximum capacity of your kayak?
As I mentioned above, the capacity of your kayak is determined by its length, width, and displacement volume. Without changing any of those factors, the weight capacity would not change.
Changing those things would take a great deal of work, and unless you are an expert it is far more likely that you will do unrepairable damage to your kayak in the process.
As a result, if you need a kayak with an increased capacity, you are better off buying a new kayak rather than fiddling with the one you already have.
There are many types of kayaks out there, as you can see from the sections above. Each of them has different weight limits. However, for single person kayaks, you can generally expect a weight limit somewhere from 350 to 400 lbs.
You should always check to see what the weight limit of a kayak is before you purchase it. That way, you can plan out your trips more effectively. Other than that, you are free to get out on the water and do whatever you like!